General Chemistry lecture for pharmacy studentsTextbook: General Chemistry (from Wikibooks)
Lecture1 Lecture2 Lecture3 Lecture4 Lecture5 Lecture6 Lecture7 Lecture8 Lecture9
Themes for the exam
Objectives: The aim is to provide a rigorous natural scientific background in pharmaceutical knowledge based on chemistry for work in pharmaceutical factory, pharmacy, pharmaceutical research. During practical laboratory work the aim is to become familiar with basic laboratory operations and to acquire skill in problem solving in theoretical general chemistry.
Detailed program: The basic structure of atoms. Elementary and subelementary particles. Bohr's atomic theory. The dual nature of the electron. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle. A Schrődinger equation and quantum numbers. The Pauli's principle and Hund's rule. The energy of orbitals and the building-up principle. Periodic classification of the elements and their main properties. Periodic properties. The ionic bond. The covalent bond. Valence bond theory. Molecular geometry based on valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) model. Formation of molecular orbitals. Electronegativity and its determination. Metallic bonds. Types of chemical reactions. Stoichiometry. The states of matter. Phase diagrams and phase rule. Multicomponent systems, solutions. Colligative properties. Determination of molar mass by colligative properties. Liquid-vapor equilibrium. Ideal solutions, fractional distillation. Nonideal solutions, azeotropes. Methods for purification of substances. Acid-base theories. Reactions at the electrodes. Galvanic cells. Direction of redox reactions, redox potential. Preparation of substances by redox reactions. Chemical equilibrium. Preparation of coordination compounds. The pH scale, calculation of pH. Hydrolysis. Buffer solutions. Buffer systems in body fluids. pH related diseases. Complex formation equilibria. The reversible reaction of oxygen uptake of hemoglobin. Heterogeneous equilibria. Chemical kinetics. Catalysts, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Autocatalytic, induced and oscillating reactions. Thermochemistry.